The seventy-five basic phonograms are commonly found in English. They are encountered frequently during reading and spelling either because they are used to spell a large number of English words or because they are used in high frequency words. In contrast an advanced phonogram is not commonly used in the language. For example: the phonogram PN is found in Greek-based words such as pneumonia and pnuematic. Since these phonograms are used in advanced vocabulary or infrequently, in Logic of English curriculum they have been termed Advanced and are therefore categorized for learning at a later stage.
Do we need to study Advanced Phonograms?
Most students who learn the basic phonograms, which are taught in both Essentials and Foundations, develop an understanding that a phonogram is a letter or group of letters that represent a sound. As a result, these students are then naturally able to identify advanced phonograms that they encounter within new vocabulary even when they have not been taught them. That said, it can be beneficial to teach advanced phonograms explicitly as well as the country of origin of the spelling. More fully understanding language is always beneficial!
Advanced Phonogram Flash Cards are available for purchase.