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Consonants, vowels, and schwa

All the posts we've tagged "consonants, vowels, and schwa"

Sink and Pink - How Do You Pronounce the I?

A customer wrote us with a question about the vowel sound in the word sink : I am teaching Foundations Level A Lesson 33 to my son. The spelling list is tripping me up. I say "sink" with a long /ē/ but the list says "all first sounds." The same...

Does Logic of English help strong readers and spellers?

A common question we receive is with whether Logic of English® curriculum is benefical to students who are strong readers or who are already spelling fairly well. For example, last week we received the following email from Chelsea, a homeschool mom using the 1st edition of Essentials : ...I know...

The Clever Monks and the Lazy O: Why O sometimes says /ŭ/.

We at Logic of English® have been teaching about vowels saying schwa in unaccented syllables and unaccented words for some time, as have other Orton-Gillingham programs. This concept, which we explain to students as a lazy vowel sound, explains thousands of words like a , the , amazing , precise...

What is a Schwa? Helping Students Read and Spell the Schwa Sound

Schwa may be the most misunderstood sound in English. Most people have heard of schwa, but it is rare that a teacher or a student knows that: Every vowel may say the schwa sound Schwa is the most common sound in every dialect of English Schwa may sound like /ŭ/...

Introducing Spelling Rule 31!

We're introducing a new spelling rule to teach students about schwa! This blog post builds on a three-part series we posted in August on understanding vowels , consonants , and syllables. If you didn't see them, they are a great starting point, as they clarify several foundational concepts related to...

What is a Consonant?

Part Two in this week's Vowels, Consonants, and Syllables series!

What is a Vowel?

Though most English speakers have learned that the vowels are A, E, I, O, U, and sometimes Y, this is an oversimplification. And many of us who can rattle off this memorized list and say that these letters are vowels have absolutely no idea why .

The CLOVER Syllable Types and the Logic of English

Knowing the syllable types is vital to reading and decoding multi-syllable words in English. Many great systematic phonics programs use CLOVER to classify syllable types. (Closed, Consonant L Silent E, Open, Vowel Teams, Silent E, R-Controlled) However, sometimes this powerful tool is oversimplified which generates unnecessary confusion and thousands of...

Does I say Short I or Long E?

Today we received the following question: In any word that ends in -ing, does the "i" have a long e vowel sound? I keep going through this in my mind and physically looking at my mouth when I say long e. Both make the same mouth shape, but I need...

Consonant Blends

List of Consonant Blends bl cl fl gl pl sl br cr dr fr gr pr tr sk sl sm sn sp st sw tw Many students struggle with consonant blends when learning how to read. Help students to learn how to blend by playing auditory blending games.

English is a Morpho-Phonemic Language

Though it is true that English is a phonetic language, where the symbols on the page represent sounds, the code is a bit more complex than that. English is in fact a morpho-phonemic language: a code that represents both sound and meaning.

Tips for Teaching English Words with the Schwa Sound

The schwa sound is the sound a vowel makes in an unaccented syllable. The schwa sound is a vital part of the rhythm of English pronunciation and is heard in most multi-syllable words and in a few one-syllable words that do not receive the accent in the sentence. There are...

Reasons for Silent Final E's

There is a common myth in English that many of the silent final E's were once pronounced. In reality more than 98% of silent final E's fulfill a purpose within the language and were added either as a diacritic marker or to serve a linguistic or grammatical purpose. The eight...

Shame and Vowels: The Story of a Struggling Reader

Vowel sounds highlight the concept of phonemic awareness and the ability to both glue words back together and break them into their individual sounds. Recently, I had this driven home to me when I was working with a sixth grader whom I tutor. This student has been in the public...