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Phonograms

All the posts we've tagged "phonograms"

A Mother’s Journey: Struggling Readers and the Science of Reading

Denise Eide's story of teaching her boys to read

Play On! Tips for Effective Practice with Games

Phonogram mastery grows through repetition - but it doesn’t need to be boring!

Let's GROW Emerging Reading Skills Over the Summer!

Summer is the perfect time to practice reading skills taught during the school year and grow dendrites to strengthen neural pathways.

Updated Knitting Knights page - the phonogram ES!

Knitting Knights now includes our new phonogram ES! You can view the new page here if you're using an older edition of the book.

What should I assign for Logic of English homework in my class?

Teachers using Logic of English in a classroom often wonder what their students should practice at home, especially if parents are not familiar with the phonograms and spelling rules or are used to receiving a list of words to drill or an assigned amount of time that children are required...

Introducing the Phonogram ES

As we release the second half of Essentials, Logic of English is introducing a new basic phonogram! Learn all about it, and download a free lesson.

The Fifth Sound Of the Phonogram OU

Like many other systematic phonics programs, Logic of English originally taught four sounds of the phonogram OU. Now we teach five.

My Favorite Reasons To Use Foundations

A teacher who uses Essentials wanted to introduce our Foundations curriculum to his colleagues in K-2. He asked us if we would share our favorite reasons to use Foundations. Here are mine!

Sink and Pink - How Do You Pronounce the I?

A customer wrote us with a question about the vowel sound in the word sink : I am teaching Foundations Level A Lesson 33 to my son. The spelling list is tripping me up. I say "sink" with a long /ē/ but the list says "all first sounds." The same...

Doesn't IE Say More Than One Sound?

This week we had a question about the phonogram IE, the /ē/ of field . Why, someone asked, don't we also list the long I sound as in pie ?

What is a Consonant?

Part Two in this week's Vowels, Consonants, and Syllables series!

Revolutionizing the Word Wall

Rather than organizing your word wall alphabetically, how about organizing it by sound?

The Spelling of "Who"

Today as I was working on writing Foundations D , I made a discovery about the spelling of the word who . I had always thought this word was one of the 2% of words that are true exceptions. However, now I know there is a logic to its spelling....

How to Use a Spelling Journal

The trickiest English words to spell are ones that include sounds that can be spelled in multiple ways. For example, /ā/ can be spelled ai as in plain , ay as in way , ea as in great , or with five other spellings.

Advanced Phonograms

The seventy-five basic phonograms are commonly found in English. They are encountered frequently during reading and spelling either because they are used to spell a large number of English words or because they are used in high-frequency words . In contrast an advanced phonogram is not commonly used in the...

Does I say Short I or Long E?

Today we received the following question: In any word that ends in -ing, does the "i" have a long e vowel sound? I keep going through this in my mind and physically looking at my mouth when I say long e. Both make the same mouth shape, but I need...

Logic of English Word Walls

An Idea for Helping Students Master High-Frequency Sight Words Yesterday I visited with a first grade public school teacher at Riverside Public School who is teaching the spelling rules and phonograms to her first grade students. Since October Mrs. Neher has been creating a word wall in her classroom that...

Help! My Child Can't Read

You are not alone. Two-thirds of U.S. students read below grade level and between 25% and 30% are functionally illiterate.

Literacy Myth 3 - Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science

As a whole, English speakers cannot explain to someone else how to begin the process of learning to read. To most people it is a mystery. If we are literate, we may begin by reading to another person and pointing to each word as we say it aloud. Some of...

Spell Check Is Not The Solution

One of my favorite questions to ask audiences is, "Raise your hand if you have ever abandoned the perfect word while typing because spell check didn't recognize your attempts." What I have discovered is that more than 90% of the American public has had this frustrating experience. Yet across the...

The phonogram CH and TCH

Someone called today asking if there was a rule to govern the spelling of the sound /ch/ after a single short vowel at the end of the word. She pointed out it can be spelled with a CH or a TCH.

Handwriting Practice - Texture Writing

Supplies Needed: One gallon resealable zipper plastic bags and tempera paint. Squeeze paint into the resealable zipper plastic bag. Seal tightly. Read the phonogram sound(s) to the children for them to practice writing the phonogram on the bag. This is also an excellent way to practice the handwriting strokes.

Morphology - Key to Teaching Reading Across the Curriculum

Understanding morphology greatly simplifies learning vocabulary terms and also aids in spelling. Every teacher should have a basic understanding of morphology and how to leverage morphemes for introducing the vocabulary words related to her subject.

Level One Readers - Why are They So Difficult to Read?

Two weeks ago, I went to Barnes and Noble and purchased thirty early readers. I wanted to analyze the phonograms and spelling rules found in books that parents and teachers ask young students to read. What I found amazed me. Seemingly simple books in English, are not so simple on...

English is a Morpho-Phonemic Language

Though it is true that English is a phonetic language, where the symbols on the page represent sounds, the code is a bit more complex than that. English is in fact a morpho-phonemic language: a code that represents both sound and meaning.

Phonogram Game - Zoom

This is a fun Phonogram Game for active children. Have the student write the phonograms on index cards. Place the index cards in the crack of a table. Ask the student to read the sound(s) and zoom a car at the phonogram he just read. If he reads the phonogram...

Foundations of Reading

A Foundation to Build Upon: Phonemic Awareness and Systematic Phonics The Problem In many of our nation's schools reading instruction begins with comprehension and fluency instruction. I know of several schools that require all students, even kindergarten students, to read a minimum of 40-60 minutes per day. In order to...

Suggested Schedules for Teaching Handwriting

Students Six and Under The students six and under may learn one new phonogram per day. The first 26-30 lessons should be dedicated to learning the A-Z phonograms. Each lesson should include: introduction to a new phonogram, practice hearing the sounds and recognizing the correct phonogram, practice reading the phonograms,...

What is Phonics?

Phonics is the Connection Between Letters and Sounds Phonics stems from the Greek word "phono" which means sound. Phonics is the explicit teaching of the connection between letters and sounds. Phonics implies that written language is a description of the sounds of a spoken language as well as a way...

A Child's View of the Logic of English

This story was sent to me by someone who began teaching her elementary-aged daughters the spelling rules as found in Uncovering the Logic of English. Wow! How exciting to watch the CLICK CLICK CLICK in each of my kids brains!! They're off school today and we spent over an hour...

Tips to Help Struggling Readers and Spellers

Cover pictures. Many young students struggle with the left-to-right eye movement of reading. Allow students to look at the pictures, then cover them with a blank sheet of paper while reading. Covering pictures makes it easier to focus on text. Practice blending words together aloud. Many students guess wildly while...

The Kill and Drill of Sight Words

As the school year commences, students will again bring home lists of sight words to drill. Most schools identify the words based upon the Dolch List, which includes 220 high-frequency words. It is widely believed that drilling these words by sight will enable students to recognize the words "instantaneously" and...

Number of Sounds Per Phonogram

Why does The Logic of English® have a different number of sounds for some of the phonograms when compared to other Orton-based programs? What research methods were used to make these decisions? The changes in sounds are based upon word frequency analysis using The ABCs and All Their Tricks by...

Why 74 phonograms?

Why does The Logic of English series have 74 phonograms when most Orton-based programs have only 70? The 74 basic phonograms identified in Uncovering the Logic of English originate from the 70 basic phonograms identified by Dr. Orton. I have expanded the original list by adding four phonograms: augh, bu,...

The Logic of English and STEM Education

In July, Microsoft, Bank of America, and Nike agreed to invest $3.5 billion to increase the effectiveness of STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) education in our nation's public schools. The future of these companies and the prosperity of our nation depend upon how well we educate our children and...

What Is Funny Phonics?

"Funny phonics" is the teaching of some of the sounds and their written representations so as to give the appearance of teaching the logic of the code. Rather than providing a logical picture, "funny phonics" generates more exceptions than rule-followers and leaves people feeling even more confused. Though "funny phonics"...

Addressing Cynical Students

Providing Real Help to Struggling Readers Many parents and teachers feel discouraged when their enthusiasm for the Logic of English is not met with equal enthusiasm by their struggling reader or speller. As the student's parent or teacher, you see the advantage of teaching spelling rules and phonograms and may...

Teachers Can't Spell Either: Why Spell-Checker Isn't Adequate

While speaking to over a hundred educators, I asked, "Raise your hand if you have ever abandoned the perfect word choice when writing because even the spell-checker couldn't recognize your attempt." I was shocked. More than 90% of the room raised their hands. Something is deeply wrong with how we...

Phonograms and Spelling Rules

Phonograms and spelling rules are the foundation to understanding English spelling. Together the 74 phonograms and 30 spelling rules explain 98% of English words. Learning the phonograms and spelling rules is far more efficient than learning sight words. The English lexicon is comprised of over 1,000,000 words. A well educated...

Logic of English and English as a Second Language Learners

Second Language Learners often struggle to make sense of written English. Students from Europe, Eastern Europe, Asia, and other developed nations have typically learned their first language in a systematic manner and understand the code underlying written words. Second language students usually approach English by looking for patterns. They frequently...

W and WH

The phonograms W and WH are pronounced differently by some dialects. Here is a fun link to a website where you can try to hear the differences. If your particular dialect pronounces them the same it can be challenging to hear. Listen for more air with the /wh/. This link...

What Makes a Great Reading Curriculum?

As I write curriculum, trying to provide a path for teachers, I have been thinking a great deal about the question, "What makes a great reading and spelling curriculum?" Most of the solid reading methods based upon Dr. Orton's 70 phonograms require intensive and expensive training classes. Though I believe...

English Spelling Keeps Becoming Simpler

This morning, I woke up early to write curriculum. As I am creating the spelling lists, I have been investigating words further. Each list teaches a rule and also practices the new phonograms. This morning I began to investigate words that end in UE. In Uncovering the Logic of English...