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What Materials Do I Need to Start at Foundations B?

I think Foundations B may be the right starting point for my student. What materials do I need? Is there anything we'll need to go over before starting B?

In most cases, Foundations A is the best starting point. It is a wonderful introduction to the skills needed for reading and writing, and it is extremely helpful in strengthening foundational skills that are beneficial for all students!

However, if your child has already started reading and can sound out short vowel words like mend and flat successfully — to read them and to spell them — you may want to start at B. [Help Me Choose]

Most of the items in the Foundations A Set are also needed for B, but not all.

*** January 2019 Update:***
We now have a new set designed specifically for those starting at B! Learn more!

Exactly what you need and how you'll want to begin depends a bit on your student's prior knowledge and which concepts will be review. Here are some scenarios to consider, with tips on how to get started in each case. Below, you'll find notes on what materials you'll need for each.

NOTE: Older Struggling Students
If your student is 8 or older, regardless of reading or spelling level, you will want to start at Essentials. You can learn more about why on our Blog.

The child is reading well, can write the lowercase letters comfortably from muscle memory, and knows all the sounds of the A-Z phonograms as taught in Logic of English

This one's easy: Begin at Foundations B! Skip to the list of what you'll need at the bottom of this page.

If you think level B may be fairly easy for the child, also see Starting Foundations With Children Who Are Already Reading on the LOE Blog for tips on how to increase the challenge and what to focus on.

The child is reading and can write the lowercase letters well, but does not know all the sounds of the A-Z phonograms as taught in Logic of English

Before beginning level B, use the Basic Phonogram Flash Cards to review all the sounds of the A-Z phonograms. Spend several days, or a week or more if necessary, practicing them, giving the child the opportunity to master all their sounds. Review with the flash cards and play phonogram games from Foundations (see a list of ideas in the index of the Foundations B or A Teacher's Manual); in particular, focus on the phonograms with sounds the child did not know before.

When the child has mastered or nearly mastered all the sounds of all the A-Z phonograms, begin level B. (You'll continue to practice them in B lessons as you introduce new phonograms.)

The child can read and knows the A-Z phonograms' sounds, but does not know how to write the lowercase letters (or struggles to write them correctly).

The child will need to develop the ability to write the lowercase letters comfortably from muscle memory (in whichever handwriting style you choose, cursive or manuscript) before beginning level B. Three options for this:

Whichever approach you choose, be sure to practice all the sounds of each phonogram as you teach the child how to write it; this is a great way to be sure the child has mastered all the sounds of A-Z taught in Logic of English before beginning level B.

What do we need?

For Foundations B, you'll need the books used in level B:

Foundations B Books

You'll also need the reusable supplements used in every level of Foundations:


These supplements are normally purchased in the Foundations A Complete Set, along with the books for A, when people are doing all four levels of Foundations. However, those starting at B do not need to purchase A. In 2019 we also released a special Starting At Foundations B Set so that those skipping level A can get everything they need in one discounted bundle!

Items you might not need

You'll need most or all of these supplements in B and again in C and D, and many of them are also used in Essentials as well. However, there are a few of these items that can be left out in some cases: If you decide you don't need these supplements, you'll want to order your B materials individually. Otherwise, we recommend the set!
Shop now: Foundations B "Starting At B" Set
Shop now: Foundations individual items

Learn more

To find out more about Foundations, check out:

The phonograms and spelling rules that explain the spelling of 98% of English words are taught in Logic of English curriculum and in Uncovering the Logic of English: A Common-Sense Approach to Reading, Spelling, and Literacy.